History of Computers: Bank Exam 2023

The world of computers has come a long way since its inception. From the early mechanical calculators to the powerful and interconnected machines of today, the history of computers is a fascinating tale of human ingenuity and technological advancements. As an aspiring IBPS RRB candidate, having a good understanding of this history can help you tackle computer-related questions in your exam. So, let’s embark on a journey through time to explore the evolution of computers.

history of computers for bank exam

History of Computers for Bank Exam

Pre-20th Century

  • Ancient civilizations used devices like the abacus for basic calculations.
  • Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine (19th century) was the first mechanical general-purpose computer.

Mechanical Computers (20th Century)

  • Mark I, an electromechanical machine, was built by Harvard University and IBM.
  • These machines were primarily used for scientific and military calculations.

Electronic Computers (Mid-20th Century)

  • ENIAC, developed during World War II, was the first electronic computer that used vacuum tubes for processing.
  • Electronic computers were faster and more versatile than mechanical computers.

Transistors and Integrated Circuits

  • Transistors replaced vacuum tubes, making computers smaller, more reliable, and faster.
  • Integrated circuits allowed multiple transistors to be combined on a single chip, reducing the size and cost of computers.

Personal Computers (1970s)

  • Companies like Apple and IBM introduced affordable and user-friendly computers for individual use.
  • The IBM Personal Computer (IBM PC) set the standard for the PC architecture, and graphical user interfaces (GUI) enhanced usability.

The Internet Era (1990s)

  • The internet revolutionized communication, information sharing, and global connectivity.
  • The World Wide Web, created by Tim Berners-Lee, provided a user-friendly interface for navigating the Internet.

Mobile and Cloud Computing (21st Century)

  • Smartphones and tablets brought computing power to individuals’ hands.
  • Cloud computing enabled remote data storage, real-time collaboration, and access to powerful computational resources.

Important Questions on the History of Computers

Who developed the first high-level programming language, FORTRAN, in the 1950s?

a) Grace Hopper

b) John Backus

c) Alan Turing

d) Ada Lovelace

Which computer company introduced the first commercial microprocessor, the 4004, in 1971?

a) IBM

b) Microsoft

c) Intel

d) Apple

What was the first successful graphical user interface (GUI) operating system developed by Xerox PARC in the 1970s?

a) Windows

b) macOS

c) Linux

d) Xerox Alto

Who is often credited with inventing the computer mouse in the 1960s?

a) Bill Gates

b) Steve Jobs

c) Douglas Engelbart

d) Tim Berners-Lee

What was the significance of the ARPANET, which was developed in the late 1960s?

a) It was the first commercial computer network.

b) It laid the foundation for the development of the Internet.

c) It introduced the concept of cloud computing.

d) It was the first computer virus.

Which computer operating system, released by Microsoft in 1985, became the dominant operating system for personal computers?

a) Windows

b) macOS

c) Linux

d) MS-DOS

Who founded Apple Inc. along with Steve Wozniak in 1976?

a) Bill Gates

b) Steve Jobs

c) Mark Zuckerberg

d) Larry Page

What was the first web browser called, developed by Tim Berners-Lee in the early 1990s?

a) Firefox

b) Internet Explorer

c) Google Chrome

d) WorldWideWeb

Which computer company introduced the first commercial laptop computer, the IBM ThinkPad, in 1992?

a) Dell

b) HP

c) IBM

d) Lenovo

What was the first video game console called, released by Atari in 1972?

a) Nintendo Entertainment System (NES)

b) Atari 2600

c) PlayStation

d) Xbox

Answers

Answer: b) John Backus

Explanation: John Backus led the team at IBM that developed the FORTRAN (Formula Translation) programming language in the 1950s. FORTRAN was the first high-level programming language, designed to facilitate scientific and engineering calculations.

Answer: c) Intel

Explanation: Intel introduced the first commercial microprocessor, the Intel 4004, in 1971. The Intel 4004 microprocessor marked a significant milestone in the development of integrated circuits and revolutionized the field of computing.

Answer: d) Xerox Alto

Explanation: The Xerox Alto was the first successful graphical user interface (GUI) operating system developed by Xerox PARC in the 1970s. It introduced many features that later became standard in modern GUI-based operating systems.

Answer: c) Douglas Engelbart

Explanation: Douglas Engelbart is often credited with inventing the computer mouse in the 1960s. Engelbart’s mouse, along with other innovations, was demonstrated in a famous presentation known as “The Mother of All Demos” in 1968.

Answer: b) It laid the foundation for the development of the Internet.

Explanation: The ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) was a pioneering computer network developed in the late 1960s. It laid the foundation for the development of the Internet by establishing the basic principles of packet switching and network protocols.

Answer: a) Windows

Explanation: Windows, released by Microsoft in 1985, became the dominant operating system for personal computers. Its user-friendly interface and widespread compatibility contributed to its popularity and widespread adoption.

Answer: b) Steve Jobs

Explanation: Steve Jobs, along with Steve Wozniak, founded Apple Inc. in 1976. Jobs played a crucial role in shaping the company’s vision and driving its success in the consumer electronics industry.

Answer: d) WorldWideWeb

Explanation: The first web browser developed by Tim Berners-Lee in the early 1990s was called WorldWideWeb. It was later renamed Nexus to avoid confusion with the overall concept of the World Wide Web.

Answer: c) IBM

Explanation: IBM introduced the first commercial laptop computer, the IBM ThinkPad, in 1992. The ThinkPad series became popular for its innovative design, portability, and reliability.

Answer: b) Atari 2600

Explanation: The first video game console released by Atari in 1972 was called the Atari 2600. It was a groundbreaking console.

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